The workforce is an important aspect of a country. They are the ones who contributed greatly to the production of goods and services. Each workforce in a country has its characteristics related to the chosen occupation.
How is the situation in Indonesia?
The total population of Indonesia is based on the projected population of 2010‒2035 estimated at 267.05 million people, with the working-age population amounted to 196.46 million people.
The number of the economically active population in 2019 reached 136.18 million people. Meanwhile, The total number of working people in 2019 was 129.37 million people, increased by 5.36 million people
(4.32 percent) compared to the condition in a year before.
The total number of unemployment in 2019 reached 6.82 million people, decreased by 180 thousand, and decreased by 50 thousand people compared to the condition in the year before.
Data from the Indonesian Center of Statistics proved Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries absorbed the most of labor force, at 38.11 million people (29.46 percent), meanwhile, the Electricity and Gas Procurement business absorbed the least of the labor force, at 310 thousand (0.24 percent) people. Nowadays, with the rapid growth of technological advancement, what kind of job that Indonesian younger dreamed of?
To get a deeper picture of the Indonesian perspective, Licorice conducted a series of surveys that involved students, young people and young workers to track their interest in their work. What is the Indonesian dream job?
PERIOD: 2018/11/29 〜 2019/5/29
RESPONDENTS: 500 RESPONDENTS
SURVEY DONE BY LICORICE
Q. What kind of Jobs are you interested in? (SA)
Programmer and Apps Developer
According to the survey, the programmer is the most demanded job by Indonesian with a total percentage of 18.76% Next to the programmer, game developer which also a branch of programming is favorited by a percentage of 18.76%.
The reason for choosing a programmer is not surprising. The world of programming is predicted to continue to develop from year to year. The salary of programmers and application developers offered in Indonesia is also very high, especially for those who are already professionals.
For some people, office work is often considered boring. But for 16.57% of respondents to this survey, office work was their dream job.
Regular work hours and work patterns may be a special attraction for prospective workers who want a definite schedule and measurable activities in their lives. So, office work is their first choice.
Becoming a civil servant is also very popular in Indonesia. In this survey, 10.98% of respondents said they wanted to become a civil servant. In fact, at the recruitment in 2019, the number of prospective civil servant registrants in Indonesia reached more than 5 million people from various sectors.
Several things make civil servants being interesting job choice. A civil servant in Indonesia receives various income allowances outside the main income. Also, being a civil servant is considered to guarantee their old age. A civil servant will continue to receive their pension funds so that their old age is guaranteed.
Lately, being an illustrator is also considered interesting. In this survey, 8.6% of respondents felt drawn to being workers in the graphic design field.
Of course there are distinct advantages of working in the creative field. Workers can use their hobbies to make money. They can express their ideas and creativity through their work. Besides, flexible working hours might also make this work attractive to many people in Indonesia.
Q. What point do you consider the most when choosing a job? (MA)
According to this survey, many Indonesian with a percentage of 37.52% will looking for a job based on their competency or skills. Meanwhile, 29.9% of respondents will consider what kind of job description in choosing a job. The other 24.15% of respondents think that salary is important in deciding a job.
Based on this result, we can see that the three most considered aspects by Indonesian in looking for a job is a skill, job description, and salary.
Q. When will you start looking for jobs? (SA)
This result pictures that most of the respondents with a percentage of 40.32% will be looking for a job right after they graduated from high school. 17.37% of respondents will start looking for a job even before high school graduation. Indonesian will be looking for a job at various times when they decided to, but mostly after high school graduation.
The survey pictured that the programmer is the most wanted job by Indonesian workforces. Next to the programmer, game developer which also a branch of programming is favorited. Illustrator becomes another alternative dream job.
Though office workers and civil servants also favorited by some, this result shows that the creative sector such as technological and design jobs are in trend among Indonesian teenagers. The three most considered aspects by Indonesian in looking for a job is a skill, job description, and salary.
The detailed report which this article referred to is available.
[Table of contents]
- Indonesian level of study (demographic about Indonesian whether they’re in High School, college, etc)
- Kind of jobs that Indonesian are interested
- Preferred working place or location
- Indonesian willingness to told the family about their dream job
- Point considered by Indonesian when choosing a job
- Indonesian experience in a part-time job
- Indonesian main source of income
- When Indonesian started looking for a job